A water softener uses a medium that serves to exchange “ions” of calcium and magnesium with sodium or potassium.
This occurs in four steps:
1.To do the ion replacement, the water in the house runs through a resin bed of small plastic beads. The beads are covered with sodium or potassium ions. As the water flows past the ions, they swap places with the calcium and magnesium ions. Eventually, the beads contain nothing but calcium and magnesium, and softening stops. It is then time to regenerate the beads.
2.To regenerate, the beads need to regain their sodium or potassium ions by being flooded with a salty, brine solution that is rich in sodium or potassium.
3.Once completed, the calcium and magnesium, dirt and sediments are flushed from the beads and into the drain in a process called backwash.
4.The final phase rinses the mineral tan with fresh water and loads the brine tank so it is ready for the next cycle.
Automatic water softeners are usually programmed to recharge at specific times that will not disrupt the occupants. It is more water-efficient to have a metered that will regenerate only when required.
What are The Benefits of a Water Softener?
A water softener reduces water hardness, making it easier to shower and clean fabrics and dishes. With softened water, less soap is required for bathing and laundry. Skin feels cleaner and clothing softer. Pipes, fixtures and appliances have less scale build-up. With less build-up, appliances can operate efficiently. Mineral-derived odours may be reduced; and, there are fewer deposit stains on bathroom fixtures.
What are The Difference Kinds of Water Softeners?
Water softeners come in two different types – Timeclock and Metered.
Timeclock – regenerates on a pre-set schedule.
Metered – regenerate on volume of water; has two units so one can regenerate while the other is operating.